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2017 Fee & Billing Survey

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Zweig Group

2017 Fee & Billing Survey


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2017 Table of contents & CH1 preview

Zweig Group’s Fee & Billing Survey of Architecture, Engineering, Planning & Environmental Consulting Firms is the standard guideline for architecture, engineering, planning, and environmental firms looking to benchmark fees, billing rates and billing practices, and evaluate productivity and utilization.  

The data for this report was collected from an online survey of architecture, engineering, planning, and environmental consulting industry professionals in early 2017.

The 2017 edition includes the latest available data on fee structures for every major market type in the A/E/P and environmental consulting industry, billing rates and chargeability statistics for 33 levels of employee (from clerks up through principals), statistics on sub-consultantant fees and reimbursable expenses, and a variety of statistics related to payment collection methods and experiences.  


The 2017 Fee & Billing Survey of Architecture, Engineering, Planning & Environmental Consulting Firms includes the following fee markets:

  • Commercial development
  • Corporate facilities
  • Education (K-12)
  • Education (Higher education)
  • Health care
  • Marine
  • Transportation
  • Entertainment
  • Federal/state/municipal
  • Industrial facilities
  • Multi-family residential
  • Single-family residential
  • Religious
  • Environmental - public
  • Environmental - private

In addition to statistics on contract types for each of the above markets, industry norms for fees as a percentage of construction costs are given for the following services/disciplines (as applicable for each market):

  • Architecture
  • Land planning
  • Landscape architecture
  • Interior design
  • Civil engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Construction management

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